A company’s legal name is the official name of the legal person (limited liability company or private limited company, for example) which is used in the articles of association and is published in the Official Belgian Gazette. Thus, the legal name is simply used to identify the legal person and, unlike the trade name, it serves no marketing purpose. The first person to use a legal name has the exclusive right to use this name throughout Belgium. If another company chooses a legal name which is identical or which is so similar as to cause confusion, it may be required to change the name and pay damages to the holder of the prior legal name.
Section Use of Trade name - Verified Statement Required. It shall be unlawful for any person or co-partnership to engaged in or conduct a business under any trade name, or any assumed name of any character other than the true surname of each person or persons owning or having any interest in such business, unless such person or persons shall first record with the county recorder of the county in which the business is to be conducted a verified statement showing the name, post office address, and residence address of each person owning or having any interest in the business, and the address where the business is to be conducted.